HIV is passed from one person to another through:

  • Unprotected sex (vaginal or anal).
  • Sharing needles and other drug paraphernalia.
  • Sharing of sex toys.
  • Vertical transmission from mother to unborn baby.


HIV is not an easy virus to catch. Only some bodily fluids have the potential to be infectious:

  • Sexual fluids (semen and vaginal).
  • Mucus from the vagina and anus.
  • Blood.
  • Breastmilk.


Acquiring HIV through oral sex is low risk but can happen:

  • If you have cuts, sores, abrasions or any unhealed piercings in your mouth.
  • Your partner ejaculates in your mouth.
  • You have just flossed or brushed your teeth.
  • You are giving oral sex to a woman who is on her period.